Socio economic factors affecting reproductive health

Further retention of the variables in this model was based on backward selection and likelihood ratio test. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted in Shiraz city with a final sample of 384 youth in fall 2004. There is an extensive body of literature which studies the impact of such factors, for Caldwell (1968) explained socio - cultural factors as the main indirect determinants of fertility in Africa. In addition to being a risk factor in itself, socio-economic status is also an important underlying determinant of other common risk factors Complex interaction between socio-economic inequalities and health services Commercialisation as a driver of inequities in access Health services planning and regulation must be in tandem to address inequities caused by commercialisation Recognising the limits of health services in addressing inequalities in access Early childbearing influences women’s health. The major barrier in the villages of Dang District was the inexistence of proper transport facilities. 16 Jun 2008 poor reproductive health does, in fact, make it more . Factors Affecting the Use of Long-Acting and Permanent Contraceptive Methods Among Married Women of Reproductive Age in East of Iran, Women Health Bull. These biological and behavioural factors are known as proximate determinants of fertility. 2. Cultural factors that influenced the medical encounters of respondents are listed in Table 3 in the order of overall frequency. Reproductive health status as determined by RH service use (research cluster B. This leads to the inability of women to access good health care in the present study; women by and large were found to have a lower socio-economic status which highly compromises their ability to access to good health care. 2 Factors Affecting Fertility in Kerala The reproductive behaviour of a couple was influenced by the socio-economic status of the community in which they live. full article: Introduction Infertility is a global health issue, affecting approximately 8-10% of couples worldwide 1,2. However, fertility remains high and fertility decline is slow. Reproductive Health Policies affecting RH service delivery (research cluster D. Goliber (1997) documents that, the race between population growth and economic development in sub- World Health Organization, UNICEF. In its 1994 World Report on Women's Health, the Federation states that women's health is often compromised not by The socioeconomic factors that determine health include: employment, education, and income. 7% respondents were old The results also suggest a powerful impact of personal factors, interpersonal relationships, environmental factors and socio-economic factors that perpetuate women’s subordination within sexual relationships (Flishera & Aarob, 2002). Reproductive health is determined not only by the quality and availability of health care, but also by socio-economic development levels and women’s position in society. These determinants define how social and economic environments can influence individual reproduction. Recent international conferences such as Cairo and Beijing have emphasised the importance of women™s reproductive and sexual rights, as well as the complex economic, social, political and cultural factors underlying women™s health. Women bear and usually nurture children, so their Conclusion LBW mostly associated with maternal factors can be addressed directly by improving the socioeconomic factors (maternal age, educational level and economic status) and health status of pregnant women by supplementations, family planning services and female education. Methods: This paper has used data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS 2006). 13-8. All physical and reproductive health factors were measured at baseline. A sample of 286,695 married women was selected for this study. The general objective of this study was to analyze the socio-cultural 6. Cultural vulnerabilities FACTORS IN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH In this chapter we are examining the different components of reproductive health. HP 2020 Objective Proportion of persons living in poverty. To find out the occupational risk factors of working women. These factors relate to and influence one another. Family planning services. SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AFFECTING THE MATERNAL HEALTH IN RURAL AREAS OF DISTRICT LAYYAH, PAKISTAN ISSN : 2028-9324 Vol. The goal of this research study was to determine the socio-economic factors affecting Iron and Folic Acid supplementation at Langata Health Centre. 208 A complex array of factors is implicated in women’s sexual and reproductive health. ) 23 7. A culture reinforces the gender role and life style of husbands and wives. 6. Socioeconomic is one factor in which is the social and economic experiences that help mold one's personality, attitudes, and lifestyle. Here, we This paper is an attempt to examine the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors for fertility differentials in Nepal. Life-style factors that affect the health of women throughout the life span are discussed. Limitations. Fourteen concentrated on MiP. Abortion in Cameroon is only legal in cases of rape and in which the pregnancy would create grave risks to the mother’s health. Some medical issues that may compromise the health of the male reproductive system include epididymitis, testicular torsion, and cancer involving the penis or testicles. 2014 594 This table shows that 13. Within each country, fertility level varies widely across socio-economic groups. J. Differences in health and sickness are marked among the people living in rural and urban areas. Background Studies of factors affecting place of delivery have rarely considered the influence of gender roles and relations within the household. Survival status of children is likely to affect the practice of contraception. For example, although the infant mortality rate has declined from 176s per 1000 in 1976 Despite this limitation, the findings of this study provide sufficient information regarding the factors affecting adequate provision of sexual and reproductive healthcare services to adolescents in Cape Town, as well as areas of improvement in order to increase access to and utilization of the services. The End TBStrategy recognises the complex interaction of socio-cultural factors in health and that multi-disciplinary approaches incorporating anunderstanding of the complex socio-cultural factors affecting health factors are required if strategies are to be implemented successfully. 5. Method: School based Cross sectional study was conducted among high school students in Mekelle city from August 1 to 30, 2014. health and lifestyle factors and the timing of first sexual intercourse among 15–17-year-olds in Ireland. First, we review what is known about development, both social and economic. level information about socio-economic differences in  area not only for sustainable development, but also in reproductive health. To find out the level of reproductive health of married women. Use of delivery Care in Tanzania: The Importance of Poverty, Empowerment and Emergency 35 2. Others focused on malaria treatment and prevention, antenatal care (ANC), anaemia during pregnancy or reproductive loss. Themes identified included concepts of malaria and risk in pregnancy, attitudes towards interventions, structural factors affecting delivery and uptake, and perceptions of ANC. Cultural and socio-economic factors in health, health services and prevention for indigenous people 265 cited in Montenegro and Stephens 2006). Economic Factors 5. The volume starts with sections on the definition of social and economic factors and of their measurement. As part of socio-economic factor, the researchers sort to find out the monthly  13 Jun 2018 women; attitudes; family planning; reproductive health . 2,500 females, aged 18 to 45, from the Upper Silesian Socioeconomic status (SES) underlies three major determinants of health: health care, environmental exposure, and health behavior. . While economic factors are known to play an important role in many aspects of occupational health, there is incomplete understanding of specific economic factors affecting many occupationally-related health problems, such as the occupational illnesses and adverse reproductive health problems encompassed within the CRC cross sector. Nartey3 Abstract Background: Malnutrition is a major cause of child morbidity and mortality. e. Data were collected on independent variables like socio-demographic and economic, socio-cultural, religion, ethni-city, participants’ knowledge about and attitude towards sexual and reproductive health issues, individual/per-sonal factors related to reproductive health service, and other sexual and reproductive health service factors. For example, your employment will dictate your income. TAJUDEEN OYEYEMI OYEWALE . The targets for MCH are all women in their reproductive age groups, i. PERERA The concern of all maternal health stakeholders is to improve maternal health and reduce maternal deaths to the barest minimum. Introduction . This report developing countries. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. 03) and knowledge for reproductive health (AOR = 1. A. Several factors have been implicated in the utilization and outcome of health care services. Physiological Factors 3. factors mediate the influence of socio-economic status, living conditions, cultural beliefs, and other determinants on individual reproductive behaviour. Socio-cultural factors are threat to women’s health and well-being. Against this background, the study investigated the influence of the socio-economic factors on family size preference among the married couples in Kogi State University community, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria. In the first 50 years there have been many changes. ) 27 8. There are several health promotion theories and approaches that could be adopted to address this broader focus. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH VOLUME 3, ISSUE 7, JULY 2014 ISSN 2277-8616 54 IJSTR©2014 www. 1. This suggests the importance of examining the socio-economic factors that hinder the use of delivery care services in developing countries. While it is acknowledged that sexual and reproductive health research should involve males and females, this paper focuses on adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 years only. Among the factors explained include sex preference, value of children and religiosity. Methods and Findings factors affecting use of long acting reversible contraceptive methods among married women of reproductive age group in Debre Markos town. following: What are the social, economic and demographic characteristics of street hawkers? What are the predisposing factors that influence the decision of the hawker to go unto the streets? What reproductive health risks are they exposed to and how do they cope with these risks? Would street hawking necessarily reduce with increasing IMPROVING THE REPRODUCTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SMALLHOLDER DAIRY CATTLE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION: A SUMMARY P. The study attempts to examine the reproductive healthcare pattern of the people in Patna by looking into their healthcare services and find out the factors affecting the total actual cost of reproductive healthcare services with respect to pre-delivery, delivery and post delivery expenditure which they actually incurred and also the impact of 4. To identify the factors affecting tolerance threshold and consultation lag for different reproductive morbidities. The health seeking behaviour among women of reproductive age is low in . The power imbalance that influences the sexual and reproductive decision-making capability of women operates through socio-cultural and structural factors such as economic dependency and feminization of poverty (Dunkle et al. Socio-economic Factors Affecting Maternal Health and Nutrition in Developing Countries: Special Focus on Bangladesh Sharmina Ahmed 9th International Conference of Asia Scholars (ICAS9) MAJOR TRENDS AFFECTING FAMILIES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA These broader socio-political and economic environments provide child bearing within much of the reproductive life span, low use of SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO EXCLUSION OF WOMEN FROM MATERNAL HEALTH BENEFIT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA . Cooperatives have been regarded as one of the main institutional machineries for empowering the economically weak members of the society. Fecundity depends on the woman and her age. 3 Jun 2019 This study analyzed health inequalities in sexual and reproductive health In this regard, various analyses have shown that factors that help maintain, to socioeconomic conditions is a measure of health inequities, that is,  The mission of the Cancer, Reproductive, and Cardiovascular Research Program economic factors affecting many occupationally-related health problems, . An. 2002). , fosterage or . . This report   Reproductive health is determined not only by the quality and availability of health care, but also by socio-economic development levels and women's position in  2 Mar 1997 Policy discussions concerning factors that influence reproductive behavior of reproductive health services and changes in women's and men's of the socioeconomic and political determinants of fertility in the United States. The analysis is confined to ever married women of reproductive age (8,644). This paper uses data from the 2000 and 2004 Demographic and Health Surveys to examine correlates of contraceptive use among currently married women in Malawi. A community based cross-sectional study design that employed quantitative data collection method was carried out to assess factors affecting utilization of maternal health care services in June 2012 in Kombolcha district, Eastern Hararghe Zone, Eastern Ethiopia. To analyze the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents. To find out the association of occupational risk factors and the reproductive health of working women. The figures presented in this publication describe the health, nutrition, and population (HNP) status, and service use among individuals belonging to different socio-economic classes. SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF DEVELOPMENT PROGRESS WITHIN THE OECD FRAMEWORK IN SOUTH AFRICA€ Eric O. women are usually on the front line of factors that affect socioeconomic outcomes. includes abstract and chapter one, complete project material available SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF USE OF FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES IN NKANU AREA OF ENUGU STATE. M. Kavita and Audinarayana (1997) The current position is change will occur as a result of personal/individual decision making. For thousands of years in most of the world, women are still noticeably and have scarcely life opportunity than men. The survival analysis i. Socio-Economic Status Affecting the Early Teenage Pregnancy 5379 Words | 22 Pages. BOETTCHER Animal Production and Health Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna B. Search strategy. , despite spending far more on medical care than any other country in the world, has poorer health outcomes than most other de-veloped countries. 6%), of the study participants were using modern contraceptive methods. Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of . Factors influencing the reproductive health of women in rural areas of Ujjain, Madhya socio-economic and cultural factors affecting knowledge and use of  Socioeconomic factors associated with choice of delivery place among mothers: a Socioeconomic status (SES) is often associated with low health service Improving women's socioeconomic position can promote the utilisation of health   22 Jul 2019 Abortion is a common and vital part of reproductive health care, with four Financial and socioeconomic factors are among the most common  29 Oct 2010 There is a wide variation in socio-economic and women's status . Elizabeth J. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between some demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors affecting the attitude toward safe sex and reproductive health among Shiraz city youth. , 15 - 49 years of age, children, school age population and adolescents. Kombolcha district is one of the 19 districts in Eastern Hararghe Zone. Scholars argue that, health insurance enables the individual to transfer financial responsibilities associated with future health expenditures to a third-party against a fixed payment [2,3]. Factors that encourage and others that delay young men and women in Jamaica into early sexual activity; their first sexual partner, where they had their first sexual experience and the consequences. 4 Each year, modern con- . Factors that contribute to malnutrition are many and varied. Reproductive health services. Drawing on the nationally representative Demographic and Health Survey, this study examines the utilization of antenatal care in Azerbaijan to identify the socio-economic determinants of the usage, and its frequency, timing and quality. factors that influence the uptake of breast cancer screening among women of reproductive age in mosocho division, kisii central district, kenya. edited by Shawn Malarcher. A short trial was undertaken as part of the workshop. by . A total of 120 long acting and 240 short acting contraceptive population of 208 men and women and 4 health workers and the findings from the analyzed data reveal that the level of education of mothers', patriarchal family system, cultural beliefs and economic stand of the family are the factors that influence the level of utilization of maternal and child healthcare services. Cultural factors common to all three ethnic groups included: (i) complementary and alternative medicine, (ii) health insurance‐based discrimination, (iii) social 1. This paper is an attempt to examine the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors for fertility differentials in Nepal. Input: Economic Factors. There are several interventions to prevent the condition but it is unclear how well they are taken up Such socio-economic factors as urban residence, maternal education, age at marriage, knowledge and access to contraception, labor force participation and values regarding family size have considerable association with birth interval Socio-cultural factors as ethnic-specific practices, norms and values affecting reproductive behavior The HBM provides an opportunity for researchers to better understand factors of setting and environment or interpersonal cues such as the interactions between patients and health workers, affecting decisions around contraception use. Socio-economic and cultural factors affecting adolescents’ sexuality and reproductive health and improve access to reproductive health services. A sample of 61,970 married women was selected for this study. For example, a study conducted in Belgium shows that socio-economic status and education level are linked with late diagnosis and poor treatment of breast cancer in the female. factors (e. The European settlers had an enormous consequence on Australian Aboriginal health too. The general objective of the study was to identify demographic and socio-economic determinants of fertility among reproductive-age women in Gonji-Kollela district of the Amhara Region. , 2004; Falola & Heaton, Utilization of maternal health services is associated with improved maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The reproductive and sexual health of the youth remains a relatively new and sensitive area mainly due to restrictive norms and policies guiding the services. Social Factors Affecting Health Sf Social Factors Affecting Health HP 2020 Goals Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all. Principal among these is the place of women in their society, particularly in In addition, socio-cultural practices in rural areas may limit the resources available to pregnant women, resulting in adverse health consequences. com And Ayodele John Alonge Kenneth Dike Library, University of Ibadan, Nigeria ayoalonge@gmail. Although fertility has been decreasing in Nepal since 1981, it is still high compared to many other developing countries. The spread of STDs is directly affected by social, economic, and behavioral factors. There is a body of literature that suggests some socio economic and demographic factors, such as residence , education [15, 16], age , economic status , employment status , religion [19, 20], parity , access to media [15, 19], autonomy [22, 23], desire for children , marital status and partner communication , have been associated with the use ofMC. But, during multivariate regression analysis, education of the mother emerged as the single factor determining the child survival. 1. Socio-economic Status and Fertility: A Study of Selected ASEAN Countries prevalence which in turn has a direct impact on fertility. Socio demographic factors affecting perinatal mortality- A study in a rural setup 45 IV. The researcher was guided by the objectives of the study which included: To assess how the socio-cultural factors influence male involvement; To evaluate the economic factors affecting male involvement, To explore how the Premenstrual dysphoric disorder has multiple determinants in the biological, psychological and socio-cultural domains. Family Planning. 21). , Kaplan-Meier with log-rank test and Cox-proportional hazard regression model was used to assess the effects of socio-economic, demographic and environmental factors on risk of under-five mortality. Considering global and national interests in the Millennium Development Goal and Nigeria's high level of maternal mortality, understanding the factors affecting maternal health use is crucial. India was the first country to start family planning program long back in 1952. Mason. In this paper we examine multiple pathways through which it can influence health, and we consider the  7 Feb 2011 Sexual and reproductive health is affected by the socioeconomic, and women's lives, rather than to provide an exhaustive list of factors. Uptake of modern contraception is promoted as a mechanism to address the reproductive health needs of men and women, as well as the crucial challenge of rapid population increase. largely on the interaction of several factors in any given human societies. This study aimed to determine the social, economic, and demographic factors that affect contraceptive use in Indonesia. According to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), unmet needs for sexual and reproductive health deprive women of the right to make "crucial choices about their own bodies and futures", affecting family welfare. The comparison of mortality mortality Subject Category: Miscellaneous see more details rates in populations living under different environmental conditions and with differing socio-economic status are discussed. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA . 23, Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other What Are Examples of Sociocultural Factors? Sociocultural factors are customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society or group. Between 1780 and 1880, the aboriginal population in The poor reproductive health (RH) outcomes among adolescents and youths have been attributed to low use of contraception or methods to prevent sexually transmitted infections or human immunodeficiency virus (STI/HIV) infection, physiological immaturity, inadequate use of reproductive health care services, and poor socio-economic conditions [2]. Data was extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS)-2011. Our study carried out further analysis to find out factors that might be associated with modern contraceptive use (outcome variables), regressed over a number of independent factors with age as an interaction term. Inequalities in health stem from the conditions of people's lives, including living conditions, work environment, age, and other social factors, and how these affect people's ability to respond to illness. Also, a poor health care system, which is a consequent of weak social structure, is a contributing factor. The data was accessed from the demographic and health survey program data base. /JSI Research & Training Institute) Public Health Reports: “Applying Social Determinants of Health to Public Health Practice external icon “ The qualitative analysis reveals that socio-cultural meanings informed by gender and religious ideologies, the relational consequences of having a C-section, and the role of alternative providers are some key factors which influence when, where and whether women will accept C-section or not. MATERIALS AND METHODS This could be due to differences in cultural and socio-economic factors such as the level of knowledge and information about vaccination, healthcare delivery systems, like the availability of health centers for vaccination, the prevalence of vaccine-preventable diseases, methodological differences in measuring immunization status, and the A review of factors affecting the transfer of sexual and reproductive health training into practice in low and lower-middle income country humanitarian settings Kristen Beek*, Angela Dawson and Anna Whelan Abstract Background: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and The aim of this study was to assess reproductive health service utilization and its associated factors among secondary school students in Woreta town, South Gondar, North east Ethiopia 2018. usa-journals. Women of the reproductive age are amongst the most vulnerable to malnutrition. 9 No. Reproductive Health Equity for Youth: Information, Tools and Resources to Address Social Determinants and Disparities in Teen Pregnancy external icon Website(from national partner John Snow, Inc. Sound policies are key to effective family planning and reproductive health. Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social Inequalities vary based on socioeconomic status, education level, age, ethnicity, religion, and . g. Target: Not applicable (HP2020 guideline for Stationary 100,000/= Type setting 100,000/= Submission of the study report to MUSPH Transport 100,000/= TOTAL 2,010,000/= 51 CONSENT FORM; I am an MPH student of Makerere University School of Public Health carrying out research on factors affecting the utilization of family planning services among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Similarly, Model 3 included socio-economic, marital and gender disadvantage and physical and reproductive health factors. K4Health is implemented by the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP). Reproductive health is a part of sexual and reproductive health and rights. 3. Economic factors influencing access and utilization of contraception. This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data derived from National Socio-Economic Survey ( SUSENAS ) in 2014. Iwara Kenneth Dike Library, University of Ibadan, Nigeria feliciaiwara@gmail. Occupation, religion, district of residence and wealth index were found to influence both ownership and utilization of ITN among reproductive-aged women in the region. However, perceptions on the causes and treatments of infertility vary across societies. As there is limited information available on the potential influence of socio-economic variables on malaria risk, the present study was conducted to assess the influence of demographic factors, the socio-economic status, and knowledge, awareness and education on malaria occurrence. The Effect of Socio-demographic Factors on the Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in Uganda Ishmael Kalule-Sabiti, Acheampong Yaw Amoateng and Mirriam Ngake School of Research and Post-Graduate Studies North-West University (Mafikeng Campus) Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of demographic and socio-economic Cultural factors affecting the medical encounter. However, the complexity of factors possibly influencing sexual behaviours under the socio-economic and contextual circumstances in which miners are inserted, stresses the need for HIV prevention strategies to transcend a unique focus on individual factors. maternal health-care seeking behaviour in relation to socio-economic factors. in the subject . To gain a better understanding of the links between socio-cultural factors and the reproductive health of migrant women, UNFPA Asia Pacific Regional Office commissioned literature reviews in four Mekong sub-region countries - Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam. com Abstract Parent’s socio-economic and cultural factors such as education (both maternal and paternal), work status, wealth and religion as well as mother’s habitat and environment (depicted by region of residence) are likely to influence perinatal mortality through maternal health status as depicted by nutritional status of the mother. of the requirements for the degree of . In a more recent report we could establish that particularly the socio-economic challenges are now dominating every aspect of life in Zimbabwe, and seem to be the motivation behind recent disturbances . Sex factors. Any program attempting to provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in this complex context must take these other socio-economic factors into account. for the degree of . Graduate School Of Public Health in partial fulfillment . Social Factors 4. A study guide to explore themes of the research, especially the cultural sensitivity of reproductive health issues, was also discussed at the orientation with the view to conceptualizing it to the socio-economic and cultural realities of Kebbi State. BS of Health Science, Slippery Rock University, 2005 . 2 Research Rationale Little attention has been given to psychological variables and processes that predict the university of nairobi faculty of arts department of sociology and social work an assesment of factors influencing utilization of youth-friendly reproductive health services in aw ldai aw r d, We used the PRISMA approach [] to report findings of this systematic review on factors influencing utilisation of MHS by adolescent mothers in LMICs []. factsheet outlines the socio-economic benefits of women's health and lives. This remains elusive in low and middle-income countries as the majority of factors that drive maternal deaths stem from the socio-cultural environment especially in rural settings. This paper assesses levels of maternal health-seeking behaviours in women living in poor households in rural Upper Egypt, and compares these to national ‘Sexual and reproductive health is not simply the absence of disease’. In addition, information gatekeepers, both formal and informal, should be empowered with knowledge about sexual and reproductive health, including HIV and AIDS. Town and Maxfield Park in Kingston. adwoa prims essel (10289552) this dissertation is submitted to the university of ghana, legon Results of the logistic regression of MCU and socio-economic characteristics are presented in Table 3. The economic status of the household also determines the utilization of antenatal care and delivery care services (Pandey et al. In addition, chronic stress associated with lower SES may also inc PROECT TOPIC: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF USE OF FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES IN NKANU AREA OF ENUGU STATE. Thus, this study aimed to investigate determinants of adults’ knowledge on fungal and aflatoxin contamination in the diets based on two factors namely socio- demographic and socio-economic factors. The review considers the background to the current adolescent reproductive health situation in Cameroon, and describes the policies and programs used in efforts to meet the country’s reproductive health needs. Data analysis was done using Stata 15. Perceived environmental factors partly explained socio-economic differences in the perceived barriers of lack of skill/knowledge, facilities/equipment and health. Table 1 Socio-demographic and economic characteristics of reproductive age women attending ART care in public health facilities at Bahir Dar City, Northwest Ethiopia, 2014 Full size table A significant number, 382 (75. The socio-cultural factors include cultural practices, polygamy, request for permission to visit health institution, cultural belief that a woman in labour must endure suffering. 2, Nov. Master of Public Health . The variables retained in Model 3 were used in final Model 4. Economic factors include economic status of women, lack of The National Family Health Survey is a cross-sectional household survey conducted in year 2015-16. Little is known about the effects of socio-environmental factors on dental caries in different demographic situations in Asian populations. Social, Economic, and Behavioral Factors. Relative to other countries in the region, Malawi has always had high fertility and mortality rates. To examine socio-economic and demographic characteristics of women, and cultural and service related factors affecting health/illness and treatment seeking behaviour related to different reproductive morbidity conditions. University of The data shows that majority of women have to share household earnings with up to 5 people. Rarani MA, Rashidian A, Khosravi A, Arab M, Abbasian E, et al. health impacts from climate change and research is required to determine correlations and cause–effect relationships as far as possible between risk factors and health impacts. DISCUSSION With the decline in infant mortality rate to low levels in many developed countries, perinatal mortality has assumed greater significance as a yardstick of obstetric and paediatric care before and around the time of birth. are affected by complex, layered issues affecting their self-efficacy, safety, security, and health. Women are mostly venerable to malnutrion because of the intake of unbalanced foods due to low economic status, low education background, marital status and age. IDENTIFYING FACTORS OF INFLUENCE ON FAMILY PLANNING PRACTICES AMONG RURAL HAITIAN WOMEN . Unless these factors change, there will continue to be negative Factors affecting malnutrition in children and the uptake of interventions to prevent the condition Edem M. com, ISSN: 2325-4076. Adolescents in this study generally engaged in risky reproductive health choices that can negatively affect their reproductive health. Demographic and socio-economic determinants of women’s health insurance coverage in Zambia may face. The fertility-inhibiting effect of contraceptive use will be examined later in this paper. being close to a health facility (Houweling et al. 4. Tette1,2*, Eric K. of contraception is the highest in Sub Saharan Demographic factors Different studies have identified such demographic factors as age of women, number of living Children are a symbol of well-being both socially and economically. Health insurance can take many The present study examines the changes in the likelihood of childhood malnutrition and also analyses the factors contributing to socio-economic inequality in malnutrition between 2005 and 2016, using data from the third (2005-06) and fourth (2015-16) rounds of the National Family Health Survey. A preliminary search was conducted on Google Scholar® to test the sensitivity of preliminarily identified search terms and to explore other potential search terms that could subsequently be used to identify relevant papers for This study has demonstrated that several social demographic and economic factors are associated with contraceptive use among young women in Malawi. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify factors affecting parent adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among Secondary and Preparatory school students in Mekelle city, North Ethiopia. Infertility is a global problem affecting a considerable number of people. factors affecting adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among women in selected health facilities in the greater accra region . The life-threatening and chronic conditions affecting women, including Sociocultural and economic factors influencing the use of HIV/AIDS information by Women in Ugep, Cross River State, Nigeria Felicia U. People who are most vulnerable Factors affecting the family planning methods used by the currently married women in rural Egypt. Changes in socio-economic inequality in neonatal mortality in Iran between 1995–2000 and 2005–2010: an Oaxaca decomposition analysis. This section considers the economic and social development of the non-industrial world from two perspectives. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the level of malnutrition and the impact of some socio-economic and demographic factors of households on the nutritional status of children under 3 years of age in Botswana. In view of this, this paper examined how socio-demographic factors influence pregnancy termination among women in reproductive age in Mozambique and Ghana. contraceptives has been a contributing factor to this. reproductive disease or infirmity Reproductive health involves all of the reproductive processes, functions and systems at all stages of human life. The aim of this study was to explore the socio-demographic factors influencing Maternal and Child Health service utilization in Mwingi district. A limitation of this study is the imprecise measure of modern contraceptive use. None of the examined barriers to physical activity reliably explained socio-economic differences in leisure-time and transport-related physical activity. The broad social and economic circumstances that together influence health throughout the life course are known as the ‘social determinants of health’. This study combines an understanding of gender issues relating to health and help‐seeking behaviour with epidemiological knowledge concerning place of delivery. in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Health service means all those personal and community services including medical care which are directed towards the promotion and protection of health of the community. Biological Factors 2. ijstr. (Kim 1987). nal and child health services. It can be accessed online on NepJOL platform supported by INASP. , 2007). Structural factors affecting choice of health care. Udjo, Sandile Simelane, Desmond Booysen Statistics South Africa Private Bag X44 Pretoria 0001€ Paper presented at the Millenium Conference of Commonwealth Statisticians, Gaborone, Botswana, 1-5 May, 2000. To identify factors associated with long acting and permanent contraceptive methods use, the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data was used. The contents of this website are the sole responsibility of K4Health. This free course is available to start right now. How to Cite: Azmoude E, Behnam H, Barati-Far S, Aradmehr M. C ulture reinforces the gender roles and life style of husband and wives, making it difficult for female gender to exercise her rights including reproductive Thus, socio-economic status per se is an important risk factor: social disadvantage causes health disadvantage. Multiple regression analysis was carried out in conjunction with Multiple Imputation using data collected through the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Ireland study on a sample of 879 sexually active adolescents. The other socio-economic factors usually found to be important are place of residence, religion and standard of living of the household. prospects for social and economic development, affecting education, health, socioeconomic status, health systems operational issues, and other factors that  Individual life style factors, social and community influences, living and working conditions, general socio-economic, cultural and environmental conditions determine the These social determinants of health are mostly responsible for health  Factors affecting Reproductive Health and family environment, social and sex connections, and the . The U. Some of the challenges and barriers young pregnant women had to deal with were not particular for adolescents. No matter how equipped a health facility is, it is the patronage that makes the difference to good health. Many maternal health and infant feeding projects are existing but few of these projects focus on maternal nutrition and the socio-economic factors affecting maternal nutrition to be specific. The study made use of data from the 2014 Ghana and 2011 Mozambique Demographic and Health Survey for the study. Socio-economic and behavioural factors affecting adult mortality in India: An analysis of data from the National Family Health Surveys of 1992-1993 and 1998-1999 (NFHS I & II) Abstract Scientific research on various determinants of adult mortality in developing countries is hindered by a We then use random effects regression to test in which socio-economic context each of the models is most successful at increasing use of socially marketed oral contraceptives and condoms. Socio-economic, cultural, educational and other factors affecting young people’s health are ing there is no time to visit schools to provide sexual and reproductive health infor- Reproductive health services utilization was significantly associated with age (AOR = 2. Such factors may cause serious obstacles to STD prevention due to their influence on social and sexual networks, access to and provision of care, willingness to seek care, and social norms regarding sex and sexuality. Data was collected from a sample of 127 teenage girls aged between 13-19 of Nakuru West Secondary school, Kaptembwo Primary school and Youth for comprehensive manner. This course will explore the dynamic factors affecting the health and wellbeing of young people around the world, and how important it is for individuals, communities and nations that we improve the health and life chances of this important population group. Throughout the world, especially in the developing countries, there is an Study links environmental and lifestyle factors to reproductive problems, infertility in men are a result of socio-economic factors and do not make the connection between subfertility and the review the factors affecting the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia. 20. The interdependence of many Factors affecting economic and social development Factors affecting economic and social development. To develop policies intended to improve household food security, improved knowledge of the determinants of household food security is required. rates, and factors which affects the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. The demographic factors are related to current age, family size and sex preference, and marriage pattern, Cultural factors are found in terms of gender roles: wife's participation in the decision-making process, husband-wife communication on contraceptive, religiosity, physical cost of contraceptive, normative cost of contraceptive, and program The social determinants of health in poverty describe the factors that affect impoverished populations' health and health inequality. Household data were collected in 2011 from a randomly selected sample of 2,809 women of reproductive age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data derived from the national socio-economic survey (SUSENAS) in 2014. The main seasonal patterns of the domestic species included in the chapter are presented. Available evidence suggests that utilization of Maternal and Child Health services is critical in realization of these goals. Given the minimal determinants of contraceptive use have been African Journal of Reproductive Health September 2013; 17(3): 92 Palamuleni Contraceptive use in Malawi grouped into three categories: Demographic, Use of family planning is higher in urban than socio-economic and attitudinal factors. Main messages. Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene, addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life. The majority of adolescents were from low socio-economic groups The report highlights several major issues: 1. These findings should be considered and reflected in public health policies to address issues that could be barriers to the use of contraception by young women. Supervisor: PROF TR MAVUNDLA Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify factors affecting parent adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among Secondary and Preparatory school students in Mekelle city, North Ethiopia. </p> <p>Methods</p> <p>This paper has used data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS 2006). SLÁN 2007 reported that long-term illness was more common among the lower social groups. Health data and data on non-climatic factors, which play a significant role in the spread of disease and impact on health Recent outbreaks of animal-borne emerging infectious diseases have likely been precipitated by a complex interplay of changing ecological, epidemiological and socio-economic factors. Apart from the conditions of health centers and the factors that affect their use or non-use, the culture of the people, environment where they live and the socio-economic status of women is also strongly associated with pregnancy outcomes. Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Northeast India. DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AFFECTING 333 is partly because, many women have a desire to space births at early reproductive age and seek to stop after the desired family size has been achieved. Fact Sheet No. Various Socio Cultural Factors Affecting Reproductive Health: Information relating to the various socio-cultural factors affecting reproductive health rights of the respondents: - Socio-cultural factors of the respondents having reproductive health right are presented here. It estimates the magnitude of other demographic and socio-economic factors affecting child mortality rate. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation. A. Sexual and reproductive health is affected by the socioeconomic, cultural and political environment. Finally, there is a need to coordinate the flow of reproductive health, HIV, and AIDS information between Malawi Ministry of Health and formal and informal organizations. that address the wider socio-economic and cultural factors that impact on the girls during their menstrual periods. same age and sex. and Unplanned Pregnancy says that teenage pregnancy is occurring in an adolescent girl between the ages of 13 to 18. Age of onset complete if broader social and economic factors are not. Access to economic, social and cultural capitals is to a large extent structured by power-related symbolic capital [17–19]. This study aimed to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors that influence the use of contraceptives in Indonesia. EBSCOhost serves thousands of libraries with premium essays, articles and other content including SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS AFFECTING PREGNANCY OUTCOME AMONG THE OGU SPEAKING PEOPLE OF BADAGRY AREA OF LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA. Socio-economically disadvantaged populations prove to have lesser Malawi has one of the highest Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The implication is that uncontrolled fertility rate affects the socio-economic, demographic and environmental situations of the country. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the factors affecting the uptake of modern contraception services among women of reproductive age in Oyo state, Nigeria. DOCTOR OF LITERATURE AND PHILOSOPHY . RESULTS: It was noted that apart from the medical related causes (direct and indirect) of maternal mortality, certain socio-cultural and socioeconomic factors influence the outcome of pregnancy. Factors that influence health: An introduction. ) 31 1. ANIMAL REPRODUCTION IN LIVESTOCK - Seasonal and Social Factors Affecting Reproduction - Rodolfo Ungerfeld, Alejandro Bielli ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) photoperiod. literature on the subject of adolescent reproductive health in Cameroon. 7(9), pages 477-520, September. Social determinants of health reflect the social factors and physical conditions of the environment in which people are born, live, learn, play, work, and age. 3 Socio-Cultural Factors and Youth Reproductive Health Service The health and social-economic consequences of teenage pregnancy are enormous. The study aimed to assess the economic factors that influence women’s access to contraception in Namasuba Village. 2 Problem Statement. This study was conducted to assess the socio-cultural perceptions of infertility and the implications of these It was hoped that the findings from this study would help the public health related institutions and family planning services to enhance the knowledge of socio-economic and demographic factors associated with contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age and consequently contribute to improving contraceptive usage amongst all women. As highlighted by Lohrmann (19), these include Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, which Health Survey of Iran, Unmet need showed signifi-cant reduction with increase in socio-economic status which is similar to our study. We studied the socio-demographic factors affecting reproductive health decision-making among women in 27 sub-Sahara African countries. Cultural aspects include concepts of beauty, education, language, law and politics, religion, social organizations, technology and material culture, values and attitudes. 2018. Socio-economic inequalities in basic maternal health interventions exist in Egypt, yet little is known about health-seeking of poor households. Religion which has a bearing on the socio-cultural patterns of living involving age old habits, customs and traditions affecting cleanliness, eating clothing, childcare and almost every detail of daily living. However, the evidence base on the determinants of household food security is limited. The risk of increasing food insecurity I higher in slums and informal settlements where, in many cases, socio-economic development is already lower than in rural areas Food Security Affecting Urbanization? The study attempts to provide insight into the demand for child immunization as a complement to other unobservable factors that affect child mortality rate. About the I hereby declare that this study of “Factors impacting on the menstrual hygiene among school going adolescent girls in Mongu District, Zambia” is my own work and it has not been submitted for any degree or examination in any other university, and that all sources I have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged by referencing. The factors are: 1. Sifah2 and Edmund T. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk factors for premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Polish women, considering their reproductive history, socio-economic factors, as well as lifestyle and health-related factors. Biological Factors: Biological factors like age and sex are very important in affecting fertility. Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa The concern of reproductive health and family planning program should be beyond the responsibility of women and it needs the health care services as it relates with socio-economic factors on the Levels of satisfaction as outcome of health care utilization in the tertiary hospital in Edo State, Nigeria from the point of view of the patients themselves. S. The results show that there has been a tendency to design reproductive health social marketing program with a management structure that matches the local context. African Journal of Reproductive Health September 2013; 17(3): 93 grouped into three categories: Demographic, socio-economic and attitudinal factors. Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities and improve the health of all groups. Education increases female autonomy, decision- This paper is an attempt to examine the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors for fertility differentials in Nepal. India : Socio-Economic differences in health, nutrition, and population (English) Abstract. awareness on all the four reproductive health issues studied, other factors like only with respect to socio-economic status of the people but also with respect to. Azerbaijan is a country with one of the highest child mortality rates in the regions of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The factors that disproportionately affect women, such as domestic violence, multiple roles, and lower socio-economic status. This study aims to examine the effects of socio-demographic factors on nutritional status of early childbearing mothers in Bangladesh based on Body Mass Index (BMI) as the indicator. The combination of socio-cultural and economic factors such as low education levels, high poverty rates, discriminatory social norms and extreme religious practices can have adverse effects on adolescent health outcomes. There are various factors that can affect reproductive system health in both males and females. In some societies of Sub-Saharan Africa (known as the 'infertility belt') one-third of all couples are unable to conceive during their reproductive lives 3. These factors as threats to the health and safety of pregnant women run parallel to data that  27 Feb 2016 Keywords: Socioeconomic, Determinants, Reproductive Health the effect of socioeconomic factors on the use of contraception will depend on  20 Dec 2018 PDF | Introduction: Attention to reproductive health and its related factors is an essential step towards the promotion of health in societies and  23 Dec 2015 Access to social, economic and cultural capitals was associated with Studies on sexual and reproductive health of adolescents tend to focus  17 Jul 2018 Abstract: This study aims at investigating the socio-economic factors affecting access to reproductive health information among teenage girls in  Socio-Cultural Factors That Affect Reproductive Health In Latin America: the scope and complexities of social, cultural, economic, and geographic factors that   Socio-economic development resulting from the Doi Moi reforms in Viet and abuse are some of the factors that impact on migrant women's health. Out of the total 376 selected students, 345 were participated in the study with a response rate of 94%. In various studies of fertility, it was generally seen that socio-economic factors affect fertility via some proximate determinants, (for details see chapter II). American Journal of Research Communication, 2014, 2(10): 324-341} www. at the . Socioeconomic status is a key underlying factor. Method: A questionnaire was self-administered to 160 respondents from a faculty in Universiti Putra Malaysia. Sexual behavior. This article throws light upon the five main factors affecting fertility in women. We investigated whether the nature of the association between regional socio-economic context and dental caries experience differed according to gender and age groups in Korean adults. It was hoped that the findings from this study would help the public health related institutions and family planning services to enhance the knowledge of socio-economic and demographic factors associated with contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age and consequently contribute to improving contraceptive usage amongst all women. Reproductive health is exquisitely sensitive to characteristics of an individual’s environment including physical, biological, behavioral, cultural and socio-economic factors. Parent disapproval, lack of basic information and pressure from partners were found to deter adolescents from accessing and using reproductive health services. Also known as social and physical determinants of health, they impact a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes. Keeping in view poor reproductive health status in the entire country particularly in NWFP, a study is designed to identify factors affecting reproductive health within the socio-economic, cultural framework and to suggest measures to enhance reproductive health status of women in NWFP. SOCIO ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF PROJECT TOPIC- SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN PARTICIPATION ON AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE. Social Factors. Factors included: Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that socio-economic factors affecting residents’ dental health status may operate through different mechanisms or degrees according to geographic location, suggesting that some gender- and age-defined subgroups may be likely to benefit from different types of intervention, including the However, there are significant disparities in the ownership and use of ITNs by socio-economic and demographic factors in this rural setting. Adolescents in this part of Ghana have challenges utilizing available reproductive health services because of socio-cultural and health system barriers. This study was on Determinants of Utilization of Youth friendly Reproductive Health services (YFRHS) among school and college youth in Thika West District of Kiambu County, Kenya. HEALTH STUDIES . O. Pressured by various socio-economic factors, many girls and women turn to backstreet clinics where unlicensed “doctors” perform illegal abortions, which lead to health complications and even fatalities. org Nutritional Status And Socio-Economic Conditions Influencing Prevalence Of Anaemia In Pregnant Women Noha Morsy, Sakina Alhady ‚health/welfare™ rationale or a rights-based rationale. This essay will examine the socio-economic factors that influence the health and well-being of women. The Knowledge for Health (K4Health) Project is supported by USAID's Office of Population and Reproductive Health, Bureau for Global Health, under Cooperative Agreement #GPO-A-00-08-00006-00. Socioeconomic factors. Factors affecting access to sexual and reproductive health services There are a number of interlocking social and cultural factors, reinforced by restrictive laws and policies, which can impede access to services and information. 23, 95% CI: 1. 23-4. Here we have described the global situation in this field followed by the situation prevailing in India and in Kerala. by macheneri paul (bed-sc) 157/0l/12701/04 department of community health a research thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of masters of "Socio-demographic factors affecting utilization of Antenatal Care Services in Botswana," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. It will also put into consideration the impact of poverty and social inequality Social and Economic factors affecting Ethnic Fertility differentials in Malawi Introduction Malawi is at the take-off stage of major demographic revolution. 2017 ; 4(3):e44426. department of population, fertility and reproductive health . (8) Health Service : Health service is one of the major factors influencing health in Nepal. submitted in accordance with the requirements . Social & Cultural Factors Related to Health Part A: Recognizing the Impact Alexis Armenakis, MSIV University of California San Francisco and Child Family Health International San Francisco, CA 2007 Christie Kiefer, PhD University of California, San Francisco Prepared as part of an education project of the Social Determinants of Health: How Social and Economic Factors Affect Health 3 While the previous scenario is fictional, unfortunately it is all too plausible. However, majority of the youth still have no Factors influencing male participation in reproductive health: a qualitative study Sumitra Sharma,1 Bhuvan KC,2 Asmita Khatri3 1Department of Nursing, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal; 2School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Subang Jaya, Malaysia; 3Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Department of Nursing, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu Socio-Economic and Demographic Factors Affecting Contraceptive use in Malawi Malawi has one of the highest Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, it is impractical for one organization to attempt to Maternal and child health (MCH) care is the health service provided to mothers (women in their child bearing age) and children. This review also includes an update on socio-sexual signals, with sheep health concerns are both biological and gender based. In previous studies, it has been reported that utilization of antenatal care is influenced by a range of factors such as individual level (socio-economic and reproductive characteristics), household level or interpersonal level (women’s autonomy, husband attitude and support, family income) and health service level (distance, accessibility Results: Univariate analysis proved nativity, socio-economic status, Education of mother, type of family and size of family as highly significant factors affecting the survival of a child. in reproductive health decision-making have emerged. Abstract: This study aims at investigating the socio-economic factors affecting access to reproductive health information among teenage girls in Kaptembwo, Nakuru, Kenya. Institution based un-matched case-control study was implemented from March 1- April 30/ 2013. 2018 progress report: reaching every newborn national 2020 milestones. Research. Malawi has one of the highest Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) in Sub-Saharan Africa. 3% respondents were 18-25 years old at the time of the research, 28. reproductive health services. Socio- demographic Factors influencing antenatal care utilization are discussed below Education and antenatal care utilisation Education helps men and women claim their rights and realize their potential in the economic, political, health and social arenas. Influence of RH on socio-economic development (research cluster C. The article “Socio Economic and Maternal Reproductive factors affecting Low Birth Weight Babies in Central Nepal” by Manju Shrestha, Sweta Kumari Gupta, Bhawani Kant Sharmah and Manish Baidya appears on Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society 2016, 36(3) pages 277-283. This can grossly add to the excessive population growth in the community with the attendant negative consequences. 15 Jun 2016 It's clear that access to reproductive care is more than just a “social issue” or a The United State of Women: Reproductive Health is an Economic Issue and intensely say that economic security is an important factor when  Abstract This paper review socio-cultural and economic factors affecting women's access to reproductive health services in Northern Nigeria, where relevant  Additionally, the reproductive health situation of adolescents varies with gender and age. The aim of this study is to depict the gender dynamics in a rural Gambian context by exploring the social and cultural factors affecting maternal health. ternal health status indicators such as economic, environment, health, social and culture [3]. The last two, socio- cultural factors are the less studied and hencethe focus of the paper. This was done to inform the study whether economic conditions have an effect on women’s contraceptive choices and uptake. education (muk) a dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the degree of master of arts in demography of makerere university - kampala Introduction Women’s ability to make decisions regarding their reproductive health has important implications for their health and well-being. METHODS: This paper has used data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS 2006). Children are a symbol of well-being both socially and economically. school of public health . Parents who have experienced a death of a child may be less likely The policies and programmes intended to bring about a change from large to small family norms cannot succeed without a thorough understanding of these factors in various socio-economic contexts; hence the need for this study cannot be overemphasised, especially in an environment with high fertility and low contraceptive use. 18, 95% CI: 1. They are reproductive factors, obstetric factors, health service and socio-economic and cultural factors. This study sought to investigate the factors influencing male involvement in the care of their pregnant partners. Another study by Daniel Sahleyesus et al in Ethiopia, socio-economic and cultural factors that may affect con-traceptive use and unmet need are place of resi-dence, religion or fatalistic reasons, work Factors affecting family planning utilisation include; attitude of the family planning providers, availability of facilities/equipment, awareness, schedule of family planning clinic, effectiveness of the family planning method, accessibility of family planning services, cultural acceptance, religious acceptance, husband’s acceptance, except All of these factors, which we identified in a report in 2015 , still apply and some with even greater salience for stability. factors affecting utilisation of reproductive health services by the youth in internally displaced peoples camps in kitgum district by owot fred bsc. For this study we have taken the reproductive period of 15 to 49 years of a woman’s life course. Socioeconomic refers to society related economic factors. socio economic factors affecting reproductive health

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